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  • Brandenstein Who: Daniel C. Brandenstein (Captain, USN, Ret.)

    What: Live online chat about Space Flight

    When: Rescheduled Chat Time:
    Tuesday, Mar. 16, 2004

    8:30 - 9:30 AM Alaska Time
    9:30 - 10:30 AM Pacific Time
    10:30 - 11:30 AM Mountain Time
    11:30 AM - 12:30 PM Central Time
    12:30 - 1:30 PM Eastern Time

    Daniel C. Brandenstein Biography:

    Current Position
    Vice President and Associate Program Manager, Consolidated Space Operations Contract, Lockheed Martin Space Operations, Houston, Texas. Responsible for all CSOC support provided to the Human Space Flight (HSF) Programs including hardware and software development of mission control systems, operational support of HSF missions, sustaining engineering and maintenance of all mission control systems and all associated business management tasks.

    Graduated from Watertown High School, Watertown, Wisconsin, in 1961; received a bachelor of science degree in mathematics and physics from the University of Wisconsin - River Falls in 1965.

    Associate Fellow, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). Fellow, Society of Experimental Test Pilots (SETP), Association of Space Explorers (ASE), United States Naval Institute, Association of Naval Aviation (ANA) and National Space Society (NSS).

    Special Honors
    Awarded 2 Defense Superior Service Medals, the Legion of Merit, the Distinguished Flying Cross, Defense Meritorious Service Medal, 17 Air Medals, 2 Navy Commendation Medals with Combat V, Meritorious Unit Commendation, 2 NASA Distinguished Service Medals, 2 NASA Outstanding Leadership Medals, 4 NASA Space Flight Medals, National Defense Service Medal, Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal, Vietnam Service Medal, Sea Service Deployment Ribbon, Legion of Honor (France), Medal of King Abdul Aziz (Saudi Arabia), Republic of Vietnam Air Gallantry Cross with Silver Star, Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation, and Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal. Distinguished Alumnus, University of Wisconsin - River Falls. Honorary Doctor of Engineering, Milwaukee School of Engineering, Honorary Doctor of Science, University of Wisconsin - River Falls. Recipient of the Federation Aeronautique Internationale Yuri Gagarin Gold Medal (1990), SETP Iven C. Kincheloe Award (1992), and the AIAA Haley Space Flight Award (1993). Astronaut Hall of Fame (2003)

    Naval Experience
    Brandenstein entered active duty with the Navy in September 1965 and was attached to the Naval Air Training Command for flight training. He was designated a naval aviator at the Naval Air Station, Beeville, Texas, in May 1967, and then proceeded to VA-128 for A-6 fleet replacement training. From 1968 to 1970, while attached to VA-196 flying A-6 Intruders, he participated in two combat deployments on board the USS Constellation and the USS Ranger to Southeast Asia and flew 192 combat missions. In subsequent assignments, he was attached to VX-5 for the conduct of operational tests of A-6 weapons systems and tactics; and to the Naval Air Test Center where, upon graduation from the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School, he conducted tests of electronic warfare systems in various Navy aircraft. Brandenstein made a nine-month deployment to the Western Pacific and Indian Ocean on board the USS Ranger while attached to VA-145, flying A-6 Intruders from March 1975 to September 1977. Prior to reporting to Houston as an astronaut candidate, he was attached to VA-128 as an A-6 flight instructor. He has logged flying time in 24 different types of aircraft and has 400 carrier landings.

    NASA Experience
    Selected by NASA as an Astronaut Candidate in January 1978, Brandenstein became an astronaut in August 1979. He was ascent spacecraft communicator (CAPCOM) and a member of the astronaut support crew for STS-1 and STS-2 the first and second Space Shuttle flights. A veteran of four space flights*STS-8 (August 30 to September 5, 1983), STS-51G (June 17-24, 1985), STS-32 (January 9-20, 1990), and STS-49 (May 7-16, 1992)*Brandenstein has logged over 789 hours in space. Following his second space flight, Brandenstein served as the Deputy Director of Flight Crew Operations, From April 1987 through September 1992 Brandenstein served as Chief of the Astronaut Office. In October 1992 Brandenstein retired from NASA and the U.S. Navy.

    Space Flight Experience
    Brandenstein was pilot on STS-8, his first flight, which launched at night from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on August 30, 1983. This was the third flight for the Orbiter Challanger and the first mission with a night launch and night landing. During this mission, crew members deployed the Indian National Satellite (INSAT-1B); tested the Canadian-built Remote Manipulator System (RMS) with the Payload Flight Test Article (PFTA); operated the Continuous Flow Electrophoreses System (CFES) with live cell samples; conducted medical measurements to understand biophysiological effects of space flight; and activated various Earth resources and space science experiments along with four "Getaway Special" canisters. STS-8 completed 98 orbits of the Earth in 145 hours before landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on September 5, 1983.

    On his second mission (June 17-24, 1985), Brandenstein commanded the crew of STS-51G aboard the Orbiter Discovery. During this seven-day mission, crew members deployed communications satellites for Mexico (Morelos), the Arab League (Arabsat), and the United States (AT&T Telstar). They used the Remote Manipulator System (RMS) to deploy and later retrieve the SPARTAN satellite. which performed 17 hours of x-ray astronomy experiments while separated from the Space Shuttle. In addition, the crew activated the Automated Directional Solidification Furnace (ADSF), six "Getaway Specials," participated in biomedical experiments, and conducted a laser tracking experiment as part of the Strategic Defense Initiative. The mission completed 112 Earth orbits in 170 hours prior to landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California.

    Brandenstein then commanded the crew of STS-32 (January 9-20, 1990). In the longest Shuttle mission to date, crew members aboard the Orbiter Columbia successfully deployed the Syncom IV-F5 satellite and retrieved the 21,400-pound Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) using the RMS. They also operated a variety of middeck experiments including the Microgravity Disturbance Experiment (MDE) using the Fluids Experiment Apparatus (FEA), Protein Crystal Growth (PCG), American Flight Echocardiograph (AFE), Latitude/Longtitude Locator (L3), Mesocale Lightning Experiment (MLE), Characterization of Neurospora Circadian Rhythms (CNCR), and filmed parts of the IMAX movie "Blue Planet" using the IMAX camera. Additionally, numerous medical tests objectives, including in-flight Lower Body Negative Pressure (LBNP), in-flight aerobic exercise and muscle performance were conducted to evaluate human adaptation to extended duration missions, Following 173 orbits of the Earth in 261 hours, the mission ended with a night landing in California.

    Brandenstein also commanded the crew of STS-49 (May 7-16, 1992) on the maiden flight of Space Shuttle Endeavor. During this mission, the crew conducted the initial test flight of Endeavor, performed a record four EVAs (space walks) to retrieve, repair and deploy the International Telecommunications Satellite (INTELSAT) and to demonstrate and evaluate numerous EVA tasks to be used for the assembly of the Space Station. Additionally, a variety of medical, scientific and operational tests were conducted throughout the mission. STS-49 logged 213 hours in space and 141 Earth orbits prior to landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California, where the crew conducted the first test of the Endeavor's drag chute.

    With the completion of his fourth flight, Brandenstein logged over 789 hours in space.

    Industry Experience
    Assistant to the Vice President and General Manager, IBM Federal Systems Company for the Space Station Program. Responsible for Data Management System Redesign, program development and Congressional lobbying efforts. (1993)

    Director, Quality Assurance, Loral Space Information Systems. Responsible for all hardware and software quality assurance programs, continuous improvement programs and ISO 9000 certification. (1994)

    Director, Program Development, Loral Space Information Systems. Responsible for business growth through new program development, program diversification and expansion of current programs. (1995-1996)

    Executive Vice President and Program Manager, Kistler Aerospace Corporation. Responsible for design and development of commerical reusable launch vehicle. (1996-1999)

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