Space Facts: Saturn
Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun.
Saturn is the second largest planet in the solar system. Jupiter is the biggest.
Saturn has the most moons in the solar system. There are more than 31 moons orbiting the icy planet. The most well known moon of Saturn is Titan. Titan is one of the few moons in the solar system with an atmosphere similar to the one found on Earth.
The rings of Saturn were first noticed by Galileo in 1610. The rings are mostly made of ice crystals and particles ranging from microscopic dust to huge boulders. There are seven different rings that surround Saturn. Each has its own size, color and shape.
Saturn is an incredibly dense planet. It would actually float if it were in water.
Saturn is a gaseous planet with its outmost layer comprised of molecular hydrogen. The interior layers of Saturn reach incredibly hot temperatures, where the hydrogen begins to form a metallic hydrogen resembling a molten metal. At the core of Saturn is an 'icy' mixture of water, ammonia, and methane that forms ice like structures under the intense pressure and heat. Saturn does not have a surface to stand on.
A warm spot was discovered on Saturn's South Pole. It contains one of the warmest spots on the planet! It is the only polar vortex in the solar system where the temperature inside the vortex is warmer than its surroundings.
Saturn is a very windy planet. Its highest wind has been recorded at 1,118 miles per hour.
Saturn is the Roman god of agriculture and vegetation. The day Saturday is also named after him. Today Saturn is known as the "Jewel of the Solar System."